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Texas Mechanics' Lien Law (continued)

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Chapter 53. Mechanic's, Contractor's, or Materialman's Lien
Subchapter L. Waiver and Release of Lien or Payment Bond Claim

§ 53.281. Waiver and Release of Lien or Payment Bond Claim

<Text of section effective Jan. 1, 2012>

(a) Any waiver and release of a lien or payment bond claim under this chapter is unenforceable unless a waiver and release is executed and delivered in accordance with this subchapter.

(b) A waiver and release is effective to release the owner, the owner's property, the contractor, and the surety on a payment bond from claims and liens only if:

(1) the waiver and release substantially complies with one of the forms prescribed by Section 53.284;

(2) the waiver and release is signed by the claimant or the claimant's authorized agent and notarized; and

(3) in the case of a conditional release, evidence of payment to the claimant exists.

§ 53.282. Conditions for Waiver, Release, or Impairment of Lien or Payment Bond Claim
<Text of section effective Jan. 1, 2012>

(a) A statement purporting to waive, release, or otherwise adversely affect a lien or payment bond claim is not enforceable and does not create an estoppel or impairment of a lien or payment bond claim unless:

(1) the statement is in writing and substantially complies with a form prescribed by Section 53.284;

(2) the claimant has actually received payment in good and sufficient funds in full for the lien or payment bond claim; or

(3) the statement is:

(A) in a written original contract or subcontract for the construction, remodel, or repair of a single-family house, townhouse, or duplex or for land development related to a single-family house, townhouse, or duplex; and

(B) made before labor or materials are provided under the original contract or subcontract.

(b) The filing of a lien rendered unenforceable by a lien waiver under Subsection (a)(3) does not violate Section 12.002, Civil Practice and Remedies Code, unless:

(1) an owner or original contractor sends a written explanation of the basis for nonpayment, evidence of the contractual waiver of lien rights, and a notice of request for release of the lien to the claimant at the claimant's address stated in the lien affidavit; and

(2) the lien claimant does not release the filed lien affidavit on or before the 14th day after the date the owner or the original contractor sends the items required by Subdivision (1).

(c) Subsection (a)(3) does not apply to a person who supplies only material, and not labor, for the construction, remodel, or repair of a single-family house, townhouse, or duplex or for land development related to a single-family house, townhouse, or duplex.

§ 53.283. Unconditional Waiver and Release: Payment Required

<Text of section effective Jan. 1, 2012>

A person may not require a claimant or potential claimant to execute an unconditional waiver and release for a progress payment or final payment amount unless the claimant or potential claimant received payment in that amount in good and sufficient funds.

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